Landscape architecture involves the planning, design, management and care of built and natural environments. With their unique skill set, landscape architects work to improve human and environmental health in all communities. Landscape architecture combines art and science. It is the profession that designs, plans and manages our land.
Landscape architecture has strong roots in the U.S. UU. Landscape architecture is the work of creating specific types of outdoor places. It could be designing a square or a playground, even an entire city.
It could be designing a pond to be better for frogs, turtles, fish and birds. Some types of landscape architecture are easy to see, such as a park. Other types may appear completely wild, such as a meadow or the side of a mountain. Landscape architecture is dedicated to the design of healthy environments and communities, and to protecting the health, safety and well-being of people.
Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social, behavioral, or aesthetic results. It involves the systematic design and general engineering of various structures for construction and human use, the investigation of existing social, ecological and soil conditions and processes in the landscape, and the design of other interventions that produce the desired results. The scope of the profession is broad and can be subdivided into several subcategories, including professional or licensed landscape architects who are regulated by government agencies and have the experience to design a wide range of structures and geographical features for human use; landscape design, which is not a licensed profession; site planning; stormwater management; erosion control; environmental restoration; parks, recreation and urban planning; visual resource management; planning and provision of green infrastructure; and master planning and design of residential landscapes and private estates; all in different design, planning and management scales. A professional in the landscape architecture profession may be called a landscape architect, however, in jurisdictions where professional licenses are required, often only those who hold a landscape architect license can be called a landscape architect.
A perfect combination of art and science, landscape architecture is about planning, organizing and designing monuments and outdoor spaces. The field offers a variety of career opportunities, from building outdoor infrastructure and residential areas to restoring damaged natural areas. Landscape architecture, development and decorative planting of gardens, patios, grounds, parks and other planned outdoor green spaces. Landscape gardening is used to improve nature and create a natural environment for buildings, towns and cities.
It is one of the decorative arts and is allied with architecture, urban planning and horticulture. Landscape architects are designers, not gardeners. Site analysis and construction supervision bring landscape architects to the field, but they don't install or personally handle projects. A typical landscape architect's day takes you from site visits to client meetings, to design time.
Many landscape architects also use phytoremediation techniques to remove contaminants from soil and groundwater and revitalize them. Landscape designers have specialized skills, such as soil science, hydrology, geomorphology or botany, that relate to the practical problems of working in the field of landscape. The mission of ILASA is to promote the profession of landscape architecture and maintain high standards of professional service to its members, and to represent the landscape architecture profession in any matter that may affect the interests of the members of the institute. The AIAPP is in the process of challenging this new law, which has given the College of Architects the new title of Architects, Landscape Architects, Planners and Conservationists, regardless of whether or not they have had any training or experience in any of these fields other than Architecture.
The purpose of society is the advancement of knowledge, education and skill in the arts and science of landscape architecture as an instrument of service in public welfare. Using landscape architectural techniques, soil can be loosened to help stormwater reach the water table faster and rejuvenate natural resources. Landscape architects plan and design traditional locations such as parks, residential developments, campuses, gardens, cemeteries, shopping centers, tourist centers, transportation corridors, corporate and institutional centers, and waterfront developments. Some landscape architects specialize in plant materials, but most consult horticulturists for help with plant selection.
In Europe, North America, parts of South America, Australia, India and New Zealand, landscape architecture is a regulated profession. Many states also require that candidates have completed an approved professional education program and that they practice for a time under the supervision of a licensed landscape architect. Some landscape architects choose to focus on residential design, although most of the work is done on a much larger scale than a house patio. Landscape architects are designers of environments that encompass both the natural and social worlds, urban spaces and nature, land, water and air.
Landscape architecture is a multidisciplinary field that incorporates aspects of urban design, architecture, geography, ecology, civil engineering, structural engineering, horticulture, environmental psychology, industrial design, soil sciences, botany and fine arts. The Landscape Architecture Accreditation Board (LAAB) lists professionally accredited degree programs. .